Our Rights on the Job
Thanks to years of strong union advocacy, California educators have certain rights guaranteed by law on the job.
The rights of working people are constantly under attack. 只有通过我们强大的集体力量，我们才能维护和加强我们的权利.
In The Classroom Teachers Have the Right To:
Make the final decision as to student grades.
Be informed of each student who engaged in, or is reasonably suspected of, acts that are grounds for suspension or expulsion, within the past three years.
Suspend students from class for the day of suspension and the following day. Ask the parent or guardian to attend a conference as soon as possible.
With Administrators, Teachers Have The Right To:
Ask what a meeting’s purpose is before attending.
Request unusual directives in writing before complying.
Refuse to give explanations and/or submit a written statement, until after consulting with a union representative.
Posters, Guides, and Fact Sheets
Weingarten Rights: Your Right to Union Representation
“如果一名员工有合理的信念，认为他或她说的话可能导致纪律或其他不良后果, the employee has the right to request union representation. 当雇员要求工会代表在场时，管理层有三个选择:
- it can stop questioning until the representation arrives.
- it can call off the interview or,
SCOTUS Decision, NLRB v. Weingarten
"如果这次讨论能以任何方式导致我被处分或解雇, or affect my personal working conditions, I respectfully request that my union representative be present.”
Keep accurate and on-going records of student discipline.
Take and keep notes of all parent and administrator meetings.
Be cautious with what you post or share on social media.
Your Union Contract – As Vital As Your Lesson Planner
How it Works
At least once every few years, 你当地的工会和你的学区坐下来谈判在该学区工作的条款. CTA has more than 1,300 chapters across the state, 每一章的教育工作者都签订了一份合同，为谈判单位的所有成员——教师——定义问题, librarians, counselors, and all certificated staff. 教育工作者和管理人员平等地坐在谈判桌上，双方都以最初的建议开始谈判.
Once a union contract settlement is reached, it must be ratified by a majority vote of a chapter’s members, and then by the school board. When the contract expires, the process begins again. If a state mediator cannot help break any bargaining impasse that occurs, 一份来自中立的事实发现者的不具约束力的报告无法解决危机, only then can teachers strike.
Not everything is negotiable. 在合法谈判范围内的关键工作问题包括薪酬, hours of work, safety matters, class size, evaluation and disciplinary procedures, health care, access to personnel files, preparation time, seniority, transfer rights, a grievance procedure with binding arbitration to settle major disputes, discrimination, job assignments, and early retirement.
不属于讨价还价范围的问题包括一个地区的人员配备需求, the district budget process, matters affecting employees outside the bargaining unit, the timing of layoffs, an advisory committee formed by the employer, and access to information unrelated to union representation.
A Little History
On Sept. 22, 1975, then-Gov. Jerry Brown signed CTA-sponsored Senate Bill 160 by state Sen. Al Rodda, known as the Educational Employment Relations Act or the Rodda Act, to give California public school teachers collective bargaining rights. 这项立法设立了一个行政机构，即公共就业关系委员会(PERB)。.
How We Enforce Our Contracts
关于劳动法的争议可以通过向PERB提出“不公平劳动行为”的指控来解决. 对劳动合同条款的争议可以通过向校区提出申诉来解决. Our collective power fuels both of these enforcements. Strong local chapters have strong contracts!
Our right to collective bargaining levels the playing field.
CTA’s Position on Collective Bargaining
See our full position below
Because collective bargaining promotes educational excellence, all segments of education should employ the process. 州法律应该扩大，要求学校董事会协商程序和方法，让教师参与制定课程的决定, peer assistance, and other professional and instructional matters.
Resources on Collective Bargaining for Download
Resources for learning and sharing information on collective bargaining.
What it is and how it works.
Unions and Bargaining
Setting the record straight.
Bargaining Benefits Everyone in Education
Collective bargaining gives educators a voice in their workplace.
Professional Development Benefits Students
Learn more about why we advocate for professional development in bargaining.
Your Right to Due Process
Learn more about our position on Due Process. Want to learn more? Your local union chapter staff and leaders are excellent resources.
CTA相信代课教师由当地协会代表的情况, the dismissal process shall be followed. CTA认为，在这种情况下，代课教师的惩戒是有正当理由的.
无论正当程序(永久状态)保护的具体格式是什么, the following criteria must be present to guarantee fair procedures. As such, these criteria will form a base for consideration of alternative formats, 为了评估来自所有来源的关于修改解雇行动中现行正当程序(永久地位)法律的建议:
1. Bargaining unit members must have access to a hearing of charges, evidence, and presentation of defense before an impartial, objective, “third-party” source.
2. The conclusions and recommendations of such hearings, with right of appeal, must be binding on all parties in the proceeding.
A. 对业绩标准和判断这些标准所依据的标准作出明确定义. 学生在标准化考试中的表现不应被视为有效标准. 本标准及准则应由被评价者与评价者共同商定.
B. Early notification to the bargaining unit member of alleged deficiencies.
C. Opportunity, including time and assistance from district sources, to correct alleged deficiencies before dismissal action is taken.
(TEAF: January 1979, June 1984, October 1992, June 2001, May 2005, October 2007; PRR: June 2012)